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[PDF] Al Duca della Vittoria (To the Duke of Victory) / Cosimo Bombardieri [Concert Band]

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Composed by Cosimo Bombardieri

Duration:5'20"

Publisher:Golden Hearts Publications(ONSA)

Program notes:

The work describes the exploits of an Italian army general Armando Diaz (Naples, December 5, 1861 - Rome, February 29, 1928), nicknamed Duke of Victory, for his great feat: during World War I (1915-1918) he led the Italian army to victory against Austria.
At the outbreak of World War, I, Diaz is in command of the 39th Infantry Division. He participates in the Battle of Isonzo in 1915, where he distinguishes himself for his courage and leadership skills. In 1916 he was appointed commander of the Ancona Corps of the Army.
In November 1917, following the defeat of Caporetto, Diaz was appointed Chief of Staff of the Italian Army. Under his leadership, the Italian army reorganizes and manages to regain the lost ground. In 1918, Diaz leads the Italian forces to victory in the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, which marks the end of World War I for Italy.
Armando Diaz is considered one of the greatest Italian generals of all time.

PROGRAM NOTES
This work is a musical depiction of World War I. The first part describes the chaos and violence of the battlefield. The second part depicts the Allied victory and the end of the war. The third part describes the peace and hope that followed the war.
The work is divided into three parts: A-B-A1

A) The first part:
Alla carica q=140
Trumpet calls and drum rolls characterize a battlefield. Different opening themes of military music popular in the years of World War I alternate, becoming the unifying idea of the entire piece. All this with a bustling background, an orchestral texture, that colors this episode.

Allegro non assai q=127 (enemy front)
A theme in stark contrast to the character stated previously, the national anthem of the Austro-Hungarian Empire composed by Joseph Haydn in 1797.

B) The second part:
Allegro con spirito q=132
The elements presented previously are developed under a scalar texture that passes between the different families of instruments.

Solenne q=78
The musical discourse stops for a brief moment, the surrender of the Austro-Hungarian Empire decrees the end of the war.

A1) The third part:
Marziale q=120
The emblematic theme of the 'Legend of the Piave' becomes the predominant element of the conclusion of the war, the canon (the soldiers) who intone the unifying song in the different voices, small trumpet calls remember the past, the bustling texture that had previously characterized a war zone, now lends itself to easing the tension that leads us to the end of the war.ale symbol of the god Mars connected to war and the strength of physical prowess.


Reference music


Score Sample:


Instrumentation:
Flute 1
Flute 2
Oboe 1
Oboe 2/ Enlish horn
Bassoon 1
Bassoon 2
Contrabassoon
Clarinet (E Flat)
Clarinet (B Flat) 1
Clarinet (B Flat) 2
Clarinet (B Flat) 3
Alto Clarinet
Bass Clarinet (B Flat)
Alto Saxophone 1
Alto Saxophone 2
Tenor Saxophone
Baritone Saxophone
Cornet (B Flat) 1
Cornet (B Flat) 2
Trumpet (B Flat) 1
Trumpet (B Flat) 2
French Horn (F) 1-2
French Horn (F) 3-4
Trombone 1
Trombone 2
Bass Trombone
Euphonium (C)
Tuba
Violoncello
Contrabass
Timpani
Vibraphone
Percussion 1
Percussion 2
Percussion 3